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15th International Conference on Neurosurgery and Neuroscience, will be organized around the theme “”
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Neurosurgery may be an extremely specialized medical field targeted on operation of disorders of the brain and spine. A surgeon may be a MD World Health Organization makes a speciality of the designation and operation of disorders of the central and peripheral spinal cord together with innate anomalies, trauma, tumors, vascular disorders, infections of the brain or spine, stroke, or chronic diseases of the spine. Neurosurgeons these days will operate employing a magnifier to envision the tiniest of brain and spine structures. A neural structure surgeon will perform small surgical operation to correct vascular disorders like aneurysms.
Neuroimaging or brain imaging is that the employment of various techniques to either directly or indirectly image the structure, function, or medical specialty of the system. It is a relatively new discipline within medicine, biology, and science. Physicians administrative unit focus on the performance and interpretation of neuroimaging at intervals the clinical setting unit neuroradiologists.
Neuropathology is the study of pathology focused on the disease of brain, spinal cord and neural tissue. This consists of both central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Neuropathologist’s works in the department of anatomic pathology for diagnosis. Tissue analysis appears from either surgical biopsies or post mortem autopsies and this tissue samples include muscle fibers and nervous tissue. Brain disease or brain injury can be related to brain death.
Neurogenomics is the study of an organism influences the development and function of its nervous system. Neurogenomics investigates connections among genotypes, phenotypes, and the earth, utilizing a scope of genomic and bioinformatics ways to deal with integrate datasets catching various levels of sensory system function This field intends to unite functional genomics and neurobiology in order to understand the nervous system in the from a genomic perspective.
Clinical neurophysiology is a therapeutic specialty that studies the central and peripheral nervous systems through the documentation of bioelectrical activity, whether spontaneous or stimulated. It involves the study of both pathophysiology along with clinical methods used to diagnosis both in peripheral and central nervous system. Examinations in clinical neurophysiology field are not limited to tests conducted in a laboratory. Tests which are conducted are concerned with measuring the electrical functions of the brain, nerves in the limbs & muscles and spinal cord.
Paediatric neurology happens mostly in youngsters or teenagers. Neurology influences around 6 in 100,000 youngsters. Neurology in kids is of three essential sorts in whom two are ischemic neurology in which blockage of veins outcome in absence of blood stream and harm. At the point when a corridor is blocked, the term blood vessel ischemic neurology (AIS) is utilized. At the point when a vein is block, the term utilized is cerebral Sino venous thrombosis (CSVT). In the third shape, haemorrhagic neurology (HS), the vein crack as opposed to being blocked. The most known signs and side effects of neurology incorporate the sudden appearance of failing or deadness of the face, arm or leg, more often than not on one side of the body.
Neuromuscular disorders affect the nerves that control your own voluntary muscles. Voluntary muscles are the ones which we can control by our self like in your arms and legs. Your nerve cells also called as neurons, send the messages that control these muscles. When the neurons become delicate or die, communication between your nervous system and muscles breaks down. As a result, your muscles weaken and waste away this weakness can lead to twitching, cramps, aches, pains, and joint and movement problems. Frequently it also affects heart function and your ability to breathe.
Spine disorders occur in individuals irrespective of their age -spina bifida in infants to spinal stenosis in the elderly. Causes of spinal cord disorders include mainly injuries, infections, blocked blood supply, and compression by a fractured bone or a tumor. The boost in spinal disorders has been met with a leap in advancements in the diagnostic techniques. Endoscopic spine, MRI, X- rays CT and DEA are some of the generally used tools in diagnosing spinal disorders.
Neurogenetic and neurometabolic abnormalities are disorders that affect how the brain functions. They occur in young children of all ages, races and genders. Neurogenetic disease is the umbrella term of chronic diseases which describe the brain abnormalities that occur following changes in the genes of the child and these cause certain brain cells to develop and function abnormally. In the case of neurometabolic abnormalities; these disorders result from problems in the enzymes of the body’s cells which are either unable to either use foods to produce the energy the cell needs, or get rid of the breakdown products of the foods used.
Neurodegeneration is the progressive loss of both structure or functioning of neurons, including their death. Many neurodegenerative diseases- including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, fatal familial insomnia, and Huntington's disease- occur as a result of neurodegenerative processes. Such diseases are incurable and cause problems with movement (ataxias), or mental functioning (dementias). Of these Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease are the most common ones. It is observed that the combination of a person’s genes and the related environment contributes to the risk of developing a neurodegenerative disease.